Hebrew coin dating
Yerushalayim is also used on a Jewish coin dating from the time of the Great Revolt against the Romans (66-70 AD).
"This inscription is important because it's a daily thing," said Mevorach.
The name of the city in that form appears only rarely from the period of the second Jewish temple (first century AD) and usually in religious and political contexts, said David Mevorach of the Israel Museum, where the stone is now being exhibited.
The city's name appears several hundred times in the Bible, almost always in the slightly different form of Yerushalem and only five times as Yerushalayim, said Yuval Baruch of the Israel Antiquities Authority.
That the bronze coin was found so far from Jerusalem, where the revolt was centered, “is important evidence for historians in corroborating the broad geographical spread of the revolt and its supporters,” the Times reported.
Previously, historians and archaeologists thought that the revolt didn’t have much support north of Jerusalem, but the coin and other recently discovered activity in the region suggests that rebels were also active in the area.
Archeologist of the Israel Antiquities Authority Danit Levy points at a unique stone inscription dating to the Second Temple Period (1st Century CE), mentioning Jerusalem, written in Hebrew letters, and using the spelling as we know it today during the unveiling of the find on October 9, 2018 at the Israel Museum in Jerusalem.
© GALI TIBBON / AFP Israel unveiled Tuesday a stone pillar engraved with an ancient inscription showing that the spelling of Jerusalem in its present-day Hebrew form was already in common use some 2,000 years ago.
Coins from the Bar Kochba revolt are unique in that they are stamped over other coins.
A recently discovered coin stamped with the phrase “for the freedom of Jerusalem,” which was found in a cave outside of the central Israeli city of Modi’in, suggests that the Bar Kochba rebellion against Roman rule following the destruction of the second Jewish Temple had more widespread support than previously thought, The Times of Israel reported.
The finding was revealed Thursday, which is Lag B’Omer on the Hebrew calendar, a day when the ultimately unsuccessful revolt is commemorated.
“And the servant answered Shaul again, and said: ‘Behold, I have in my hand the fourth part of a shekel of silver, that will I give to the man of God, to tell us our way.” I Samuel 9:8 (The Israel Bible™) The coin is being sold under official license and with its certificate of authenticity.
The silver shekel is considered a true prize, declared as rare by professional collectors, with only a few dozen like it in existence.
During construction work in February in Jerusalem, archeologists unearthed the pillar with the inscription "Hananiah son of Dodalos of Jerusalem," written in Aramaic with Hebrew letters.